History of the `Nordic TeX User Group'
NTUG (the Nordic TeX User Group) was founded in 1988 and its
purpose was twofold:
- NTUG should promote use of TeX and LaTeX
in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden).
- It should strive to adapt TeX and LaTeX to the
needs of the Nordic languages.
In 1988, TeX was still a tool mostly for documents in the
English language. Other languages, for instance the Nordic ones, had
Most of these problems were solved with the introduction of TeX
version 3 and the Cork encoding; NTUG was involved in the
development of both.
- Important characters were missing,
like ð and «.
- It was impossible to automatically hyphenate word with ö,
å, and other letters.
The prime force behind NTUG was Roswitha Graham who chaired NTUG from
the start to 1993. In these years, Jan Michael Rynning contributed
significantly as technical advisor. After 1993, Dag Langmyhr has been
In should be mentioned that during the first years,
the leader of NTUG was automatically a board member of
TUG. This practice was abandoned in 1995.
To enable communication and also educate its members,
NTUG arranged Nordic conferences in Copenhagen
(1992), Helsinki (1993), Oslo (1994), and Tartu (1996). Since then,
unfortunately, member interest has been too slack and travel expenses
too high to arrange these meetings.
Currently, NTUG exists as an informal group based on an e-mail list with
92 members registered.
There is no membership fee, and the members typically are also members
of TUG and participate at TUG and EuroTeX conferences.
More information on NTUG can be found at its home page:
If you know any more about the history of NTUG, please
contact Dag Langmyhr.
Last updated 2003/07/21.