(La)TeX adaption to the Nordic Languages

There exists a package to help people using plain TeX to typeset documents in the Nordic languages:
• EuroTeX contains hyphenation patterns for various European languages as well as useful macros making it easy to choose different languages. The author is Ivar Aavatsmark (Ivar.Aavatsmark@nho.hydro.com).

The standard LaTeX distribution contains the main support needed for typesetting in the Nordic languages:
• an extended character set (the EC fonts using the T1 encoding), and
• the Babel package for selecting languages.
In addition, you will need hyphenation patterns.

Hyphenation patterns

Patterns are known for the following Nordic languages:
Danish
dkhyphen.tex, dkcommon.tex and dkspecial.tex created by Frank Jensen (fj@iesd.auc.dk).
Finnish
created by Kauko Saarinen.
Icelandic
created by Jorgen Pind (jorgen@lexis.hi.is).

These patterns require Iplain, an Icelandic version of plain.

Norwegian
created by Lars Gunnar Thoresen and Dag F. Langmyhr (dag@ifi.uio.no).

There also exists an alternative set of patterns for hyphenating according to the pre-1973 rules; this was created by Ivar Aavatsmark (Ivar.Aavatsmark@nho.hydro.com). If you use these patterns, you should specify \lefthyphenmin=2.

No work has yet been done on hyphenation patterns for the `nynorsk' language.

Swedish
created by Jan Michael Rynning (jmr@nada.kth.se).

To use BibTeX for documents in a Nordic language, you should use a BibTeX style adapted to that language; if not, you get words like and in the bibliography.

The following BibTeX styles for the Nordic languages are known to me:

Finnish
Antti-Juhani Kaijanaho (gaia@iki.fi) has translated the plain style into Finnish; it is called finplain.bst.

Juha Haataj has created two Finnish bibliography styles:

• cscalpha uses alphabetic citation keys.
• finn is an author-year style. (It requires use of the natbib package.)
Norwegian
The four standard styles have been translated into Norwegian and are available as norabbrv, noralpha, norplain and norunsrt. These styles have been extended with fields isbn and issn.