|(2205 B.C. - 1766 B.C.)|
Between the Yunnan-plataeu and the range of mountains of Isin-ling, one could spot the south-chinese vegetation-belt, divided by the mighty Yangzijiang. Different types of vegetation were gradually developed, and soon people could enjoy the fruits from hundreds of orangetrees and the extracts from different kinds of tea-plants. But the importance of this area in the chinese cultural development was not determined by these types of vegetation, it was the introduction of millet from the north and rice from South-East Asia that made this area historical. Millet and soyabeans played an important role in the agriculture.
The ancient main-area of China was located near The Yellow River, covered with "loose soil". It stretched itself up against the steppes and deserts of Mongolia. It was in this region one first found the early development of chinese and east-asian agriculture, and these fertile areas also formed the basis of the first chinese civilizations. The "loose soil" was easy to grow, but the climate troubled the farmers with it's strong and instant rainfalls. Huanghe "The Sorrow of China" rapidly flooded the lowlands and destroyed many plantations.
With some help from skilful and educated officials he managed to rule the country wisely. He was especially taken up with the studies of the movements of the heavenly bodies, and he took advantages of this knowledge by creating a precise calendar, which was indispensable when the farmers wanted to know the right time of the year to sow and plant.
Yao was probarly well-known for his remarkable choice of successor. He was quite dissatisfied with the thought of his son as the heir to the throne, and he was advised by the most skilful advisers of the kingdom to choose a successor among the people. There was a young man among the crowd, his name was Yu Shun. Shun was the son of a blind man. His father was a crimminal, his mother was dishonest and his younger brother was insolent. But in hope for restoring the family's honor and to prevent his parents from loosing face, he had gradually managed to get a hold of his family. Yao decided to put this young man through a test to see if he was qualified enough to rule his kingdom when the time came. Emperor Yao let Shun marry two of his daughters and he also gave him the authority to govern parts of the country. Shun did a remarkable work and the emperor was quite pleased with him. The people praised Shun and wanted to to have him as their emperor, and so Yao decided to carry through the people's wishes and concluded with that it was the will of God that had manifested in this decision. Yu Shun then ascended the emperor's throne.
Emperor Shun was especially well-known for his choice of co-workers, and this
really came in useful when the officials tried to solve the biggest problem in the country, the
flood. It was told that in the reign of emperor Yao, the flood water raised up towards the
sky, and it surrounded the mountains and flooded the hills. Some historians think that these
floods might have something to do with the deluge. A man named Yu was assigned by emperor Shun
to deal with this problem, and according to old sayings he managed to overcome this
problem after years with hard-work. Some said that he got rid of the floods by magic, other
said that he stopped the floods by putting through a gigantic draining-work. According legends
Yu leveled the nine mountains and led the nine rivers out to the sea. The floods withdrew, and
China was saved.